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Sujet du devoir
Je poste ici un devoir qui me servira de présentation pour l'oral d'anglais. Je devais parler de la notion "spaces and exchanges" sous l'angle des frontières du Canada et des peuples aborigènes.
Si quelqu'un avait la temps et la gentillesse d'y jeter un petit coup d'oeil pour corriger les fautes et donner son impression, ça m'aiderait beaucoup!
Où j'en suis dans mon devoir
Voici ce que j'ai écrit:
I am going to talk about the notion of “spaces and exchanges”.
First of all, let me define the words which compose the notion. “Spaces” deals with geographical or symbolic areas which are both closed, because they have physical limits, and opened because they exchange with the world around them. Exchanging is the act of giving one thing and receiving another.
I will illustrate this notion trough the theme of Canada’s borders and Native people.
I have chosen the problematic “Is a border a final frontier?”
On the one hand, borders are final frontiers to the extent that they establish physical limits, moreover they create clothed area.
But on the other hand, borders don’t prevent from exchanges with the outside.
I-Firstly, borders establish physical limits
1) The article called “The top of the World” shows the frontier between Canada and USA as a final frontier because it is far away from everything. The narrator tells the harsh driving conditions on the road. He faced with sub-zero temperature which could freeze engines, he was under the threat of dangerous animals, he had to get a gun to protect himself, and in addition to that, the road was very isolated from civilization. There was only one station, he couldn’t break down. He says he was “under the force of Nature”.
2) The, the extract “Citizenship” from the novel “Borders” by Thomas King, also shows this frontier as a final one to the extent that some people are prevented from going through customs. The narrator and his mother want to go to Salt Lake City, in Canada, to meet the narrator’s sister, but they are stopped by the border guard. By the book, he can’t let them pass until they don’t tell him their citizen. And the mother admits only one citizen; she belongs to “Blackfoot”. But the guard doesn’t acknowledge this nationality, they can be either Canadian or American. They have to spend a night until medias cover the event and make the guard finally let them cross. For all these reasons, it’s very hard and discouraging for First people to cross the frontier, it becomes somehow a final frontier.
3) Finally, borders can represent a kind of protection. It’s the case with the reserve’s borders in Canada. A man is interviewed: he tells his experience in a reserve, he wanted to create a documentary about it. Reserves are areas setting aside for the exclusive use of First People. They preserve their culture and resources. But unfortunately, they are still invaded for their oil…
II- Then, although frontier could represent a kind of limits that create closed areas, they can’t prevent from relationship and exchanges between people.
In the case of Canada, relationships between people are a quiet complex. Since the colonization by the France and sooner, by the United Kingdom, there is a lot of tension. These countries admit only one culture, their own. So, they don’t acknowledge the First’s people’s culture.
1) An example of this non-recognition of the First people culture is “The experimental Eskimos”. The interview exposes an government experiment which took place in 1960, in which Eskimos children have been taken away from their family in the Easter-Arctic to be sent in English-speaking’s ones in the Southern Provinces, with a view to make them assimilate the white’s culture. Now these children are adults and want recognition from the government for all the pain that this experiment has caused in their life. Indeed, the biggest issue was coming back in their land. They felt what we call, the MUMUES syndrome, which means Most Useful, Most Useless. They felt useful because they were now able to communicate with English society, but they also felt useless because they lost all their abilities in the Inuit’s culture, like building igloo for example. They certainly felt left out their own culture. These experiment shows the non-respect towards First people.
2) Similarly, the extract “Citizenship” also illustrates the non-recognition of “Blackfoot” in Canada. As I said, the mother’s narrator doesn’t admit that she belongs to the Canadian’s nationality. The guard explains to the mother “You have to be Canadian or American”. Supposing that Blackfoot citizen isn’t a true nationality. Moreover, the guard suspects them of smuggling liquor and cigarette. These suspicions about your nationality can be a quite irritating.
3) But the relationship can also be peaceful and respectful. It’s the case for the man which has spend time in a reserve. He really felt in community. People treated him like one of them. There were true exchanges between the two nationalities: he worked in an office, brought children at school, he taught them frees bee, baseball, and children taught him in return their favorite sport from their own culture. He says they are very funny and carry. And they are outward-looking: children go to cities to continue their education. The novel “The top of the world” also illustrates cooperation between people. A young Inuit helped the narrator to cross a frozen river. The sentence “shook my hand” shows a complicity between the two men; together, they faced an obstacle! Then, they shared a diner: the narrator has tasted some Inuit’s food, and he swears, he would bring them some food from his country if he came ack over there.
To conclude, we can consider Canada’s borders as final frontiers to the extent that they impose some geographical limits, they create clothed areas. But on the other side, we have seen that borders don’t stop exchanges, whether they are good or bad, between these areas and their people.