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Sujet du devoirLe sujet est le suivant : "Why is India said to be a country of contradictions ?"
Je dois faire une fiche pour mon oral d'anglais pour le bac. Nous avons étudié des textes sur la modernité, les classes riches et moyennes mais en parallèle les traditions de la dot existante encore de nos jours, les Dalits ou "Intouchables"
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SEATS AND FORMS OF POWER
The notion I’m going to deal with is seats and form of power in India. The subject of my oral presentation will be India a country of contradictions.
First, I would like to briefly (brièvement) introduce India and its people. Secondly, I will show that india is a country many contradictions and paradoxes yet nowadays: poverty and wealth and the dowry-tradition for girls still exists.
Finally, I also mention the existence of the Dalits in India which is a real problem.
India is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country with over 1.2 billion people, and the most populous democracy in the world.
India is the land of paradox and contradictions: ostentatious wealth and extreme poverty, deep-rooted (profondèment enracinée) tradition and modernity. India is like no other place. It is one of the fastest growing economies in the world and is developing rapidly. For example, industry of high technology in recent years has taken off in India. The good example of industry of high technology is
Infosys Technologies, formerly, is an Indian multinational provider of business consulting, technology, engineering, and outsourcing services situated headquarters in Bangalore –
India has a computer industry performance.
We can also say that India has one of the largest armies in the world and that it has nuclear weapons.
I can not speak of India and not to mention their own film industry.
In fact, Bollywood is the name given to the Indian film industry which is modeled on the Hollywood. Bollywood films, distributed throughout India, export around the world.
However, cespite the importance of large industrial groups and the development of high technology, India is a country very unequal where much of the population lives in poverty high.
On the one hand (d’un côté) on one side, we have India with a large number of millionaires and a middle class that is growing and open to the world, on the other hand (de l’autre côté) the majority of the population remains poor . We are in the 21st century, India is "emerging power" and yet it is a country of traditions.
In India, dowry is a tradition that still exists. Indeed, the family of the girl must give a dowry to the future husband's family for marriage. The dowry tradition explains also why the parents do not want to have daughters. Shilipi Somaya is the author of the new "secret daughter" where it tells the story of a poor Indian family, Kavita and Jasu for whom the birth of a daughter is a disaster. The extract dealt with the issue of childbirth (accouchement) and the fear (crainte) of having a daughter. When Kavita gives birth to her baby, her husband announced: “you know we can’t keep this baby, we are not rich”. “we need a boy to help in the fields." . This baby will be a drain for the family.
In addition to reducing (réduire) women to an object, this tradition is also responsible for thousands of deaths each year. In fact, according to statistics, in two thousand and eleven it was estimated that there were nine hundred forty (940) girls aged six and under for every thousand boys. Six hundred thousand girls go missing every year. If the bride's family (la famille de la mariée ) can not give dowry, the husband's family begins to violate the woman who ends up committing suicide or being murdered.
Finally, let's take the case (prenons le cas) of Dalits or “Untouchables” . They are one hundred and seventy million (170) in India today, survive on less than two dollars a day. The untouchables are stigmatized from birth and are outcasts.(sont des parias). . "Untouchable" means by definition that you cannot touch, that is to say one who is so unworthy and so unclean that may contaminate others by sight or physical contact.( .« Intouchable » désigne, par définition, celui qu’on ne peut pas toucher, c’est-à-dire celui qui est si indigne et si impur qu’il risque de souiller autrui par la vue ou par le contact physique) .The Dalits suffer discriménation. The caste system is the hidden (face cachée) apartheid in India. There is only one solution is that attitudes are changing.
In conclusion, I can say that India is a country of contradictions as I show through various examples. : It is a country that is both modern and developed with rich social classes, a huge middle class but also two hundred million poor.